The Ultimate Stomach Ulcer Diet – Know What To Eat And Avoid!
Certain foods were once thought to cause ulcers. However, we now know that other factors, such as long-term use of painkillers or infection with the bacteria H. pylori, can cause them. Although food does not cause or treat ulcers, some foods can aggravate the discomfort, while others can help you heal more quickly. So a Stomach ulcer diet plan is needed, which represents what to eat and what to avoid.
The stomach is a digestive organ positioned on the left side of the abdomen, directly below the ribs. Food is forced down the esophagus and into the stomach through a sphincter (a tiny muscular ring), where it is mixed with potent gastric secretions containing enzymes and hydrochloric acid. Because the stomach is an athletic bag, it may churn and break down food mechanically and chemically.
The food is squeezed through a second sphincter into the first segment of the small intestine once it has reached smooth paste consistency (duodenum). The mucosa, also known as the gastric epithelium, is a layered stomach lining with various folds. This lining is prone to ulcers.
An ulcer diet is designed to alleviate the discomfort and pain associated with a peptic ulcer, a painful sore that forms on the lining of your stomach, esophagus, or small intestine. Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help you control your symptoms and repair your ulcer, but sticking to an ulcer diet is an essential element of your overall treatment strategy.
What is a stomach ulcer?
A stomach ulcer, also known as a gastric ulcer, is a breach in the stomach’s lining tissue. The phrase ‘peptic ulcer’ refers to ulcers that develop in the stomach or the duodenum, the first segment of the small intestine that exits the stomach.
Stress, smoking, and poor diet were once thought to be the leading causes of stomach ulcers. The Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacterium, on the other hand, is now known to be the cause of most duodenal ulcers and 60% of stomach ulcers. Many symptoms of dyspepsia, or indigestion, are caused by the H. pylori bacterium.
Antibiotics are used to kill the infection, stomach ulcer symptoms, and acid-suppressing medications to treat stomach ulcers.
Stomach ulcer diet plan
An ulcer diet works by promoting healing, preventing irritation of the stomach or duodenal lining, and decreasing acid production.
There are no hard and fast rules for what foods to consume, but try to include as many things from the best options list as possible, and stay away from meals that make you feel worse or cause excessive acid production and reflux.
It’s also crucial to get enough protein. Aim for 1.2 grams of protein per kilogram of your ideal body weight while your ulcer heals. High fiber carbs like legumes, grains, fruits, and vegetables should make up the rest of your calories.
A high-fiber diet can reduce the incidence of peptic ulcers. The research also suggests supplementing with zinc and selenium to aid in healing.
You should follow an ulcer diet until your doctor says your ulcer has healed completely. After that, you must be able to resume your regular eating routine. If you feel better on a diet or have risk factors for ulcers, such as smoking, this method of eating may be worth keeping—even if reduced.
Foods to eat as stomach ulcer diet
Fruits: Any fresh or frozen fruit is healthy and provides fiber and antioxidants. Ulcer-healing polyphenols can be found in berries, apples, grapes, and pomegranates, among other foods. Avoid citrus fruits and juices like orange and grapefruit if they cause reflux.
Vegetable: Bright red and orange veggies and cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, and kale are high in vitamins and antioxidants beneficial to your general health and recovery. If you have reflux, stay away from chili peppers and tomatoes/tomato products. Raw veggies should be avoided because they are more challenging to digest.
Herbs and spices: Most mild herbs and spices can be used liberally. They’re all high in antioxidants that are good for your health. Turmeric, cinnamon, ginger, and garlic are good choices because they offer antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities. Drop sugar and use honey as a sweetener.
Lean protein: Skinless poultry, lean beef such as sirloin or tenderloin, fish, eggs, tofu, tempeh, dry beans, and peas are all excellent low-fat protein sources. Omega-3 fats found in fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines can reduce inflammation and avoid ulcers.
Fermented dairy: Foods like kefir and Greek yogurt are beautiful sources of probiotics as well as protein.
100% whole grain bread and whole or cracked grains such as oats, quinoa, farro, millet, or sorghum are high in fiber and should be included in your diet.
Some specific foods that are in our stomach ulcer diet
Cranberry has been proven in some studies to help prevent germs from resting on the bladder walls, reducing urinary tract infections. Cranberry and cranberry extract may also aid in the treatment of H. pylori. Cranberry juice, cranberries, and cranberry pills are all options.
There is no link between relief and a certain level of consumption. Due to its high sugar content, too much cranberry in any form can induce stomach and intestinal discomfort, so start with moderate amounts and gradually increase.
Sugar or high fructose corn syrup is commonly used to sweeten commercial cranberry juices, adding unnecessary calories. If you want to avoid those juices, go for juice that is just sweetened with other liquids.
Honey isn’t only a sweet substance. Honey contains 200 components, including polyphenols and other antioxidants, depending on the plant from which it is obtained. HoneyTrusted Source is an antimicrobial that has been demonstrated to suppress the growth of H. pylori.
Honey can be enjoyed like any other sweetener as long as your blood sugar levels are acceptable, with the added benefit of perhaps calming ulcers.
Mastic comes from the sap of a Mediterranean tree. Mastic’s effectiveness against H. pylori infection has been inconsistent in studies. However, at least one short study has been done.
According to Trusted Source, chewing mastic gum can help combat H. pylori, with roughly three out of ten persons who tried it to get rid of the infection.
The gum, however, was much less effective than the drugs when compared to the standard combination of antibiotics and acid-blocking drugs. More than 75% of the patients investigated could get rid of the bacteria with the standard treatment. Mastic gum can be chewed or taken as a supplement.
Another item that has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties is garlic. Garlic extracts have been shown in animal experiments to expedite ulcer recovery and even lessen the chance of ulcers developing in the first place.
Garlic extracts have also been shown in lab, animal, and human trials to help inhibit the growth of H. pylori, one of the most common causes of ulcers.
In a recent study, consuming two raw garlic cloves every day for three days reduced bacterial activity in the stomach lining of patients with H. Pylori infection considerably (26Trusted Source).
Foods to avoid
Alcohol: All forms of alcohol irritate the stomach and postpone healing. Wine, beer, and spirits should be avoided.
Caffeine: Coffee, tea, and caffeinated sodas can increase stomach acid production, limiting or avoiding these.
Milk: Milk was once advised as an ulcer therapy, but a new study shows that milk increases stomach acid, so it’s better to avoid it.
Highly seasoned meats, lunch meats, sausages, and fried or fatty meats and proteins should be avoided.
High-fat foods: Limit your intake of added fats, as they might raise stomach acid and cause reflux. Gravy, cream soups, and salad dressings with a lot of seasoning may need to be avoided. (O fats are good for you.)
Spicy foods: Anything “hot,” such as chili peppers, horseradish, black pepper, and sauces and condiments containing them should be avoided if they upset you or cause pain or reflux.
Highly salted foods have been observed to encourage the growth of H. pylori, according to research.
Pickles, olives, and other fermented veggies are high in salt and linked to the development of H. pylori ulcers.
Chocolate: Chocolate might cause reflux symptoms in certain people because it increases stomach acid production.
The bottom line
Always visit your doctor if you have stomach discomfort, nausea, vomiting, or any other gastrointestinal symptoms that prolong for more than a few days. If an ulcer causes internal bleeding, it might be dangerous. Although an ulcer diet can assist, your doctor should be aware of your efforts and provide a thorough treatment plan.